Getting the right screening test at the right time is important. It helps detect problems early on and prevent complications.
So what diseases should men screen for?
1- Prostate Cancer: Digital rectal exam (DRE) and possibly a prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test.
2- Testicular Cancer: American Cancer Society recommends that all men have a testicular exam when they see a doctor for routine physical exams.
3- Colorectal Cancer: Men have a a slightly higher risk of developing it than women. Since colorectal cancer develops from colon polyps, it is important to find them early on and remove the polyps before they turn cancerous.
4- Skin Cancer: The American Cancer Society and the American Academy of Dermatology recommend regular self-exams to check for any changes in marks on the skin including shape, color, and size. Also, routine checkups should include a skin exam by a dermatologist or other health professionals.
5- High Blood Pressure (Hypertension): When high blood pressure is managed, the risk of heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure may be reduced. With age, it is important to keep track of blood pressure and work with the doctor to manage it.
6- Cholesterol Levels: Starting at age 20, men should be screened if they are at increased risk for heart disease. Starting at 35, men need regular cholesterol testing.
7- Type 2 Diabetes: When found early can be managed and complications can be avoided with exercise, diet, and medications. A fasting blood sugar test, glucose tolerance test, or an AIC all can be used alone or together to screen for diabetes.